(See more “Celebrities Before and After Photoshop“)
The majority of images we see these days have had some level of digital alteration. It may be to simply correct the photographic aspects of the image (lighting, colour, sharpness, perspective etc) or may take the image to a level far beyond that which the camera captured. Although our image editing tools are much more sophisticated today, photographers have been altering their images since the early beginnings of the craft.
Digital image retouching with tools such a Adobe Photoshop allows us to elegantly alter every aspect of the image. From the simple removal of a blemish to a complete reconstruction of the bodily or facial form the original image captured by the camera can now take a radical and convincing departure.
This article from Smashing Magazine collects a large range of tutorials for techniques commonly used for Glamour Retouching. (Note the ethics discussion that ensues.)
This article in Inspired Magazine opens a discussion on the realities and ethics surrounding the practice.
This video from Adobe TV shows the basics of blemish retouching: